Semantics of Ancient Hebrew Database

The Semantics of Ancient Hebrew Database (SAHD) is an international, cooperative research project involving a growing number of centres with coordination provided by Leiden.

The currently participating centres include the following universities: Azusa Pacific, Bonn, Cambridge, Edinburgh, Florence, Harvard, Oxford, Leiden, Leuven, Paris, Rome, and Sydney. For more information, see Oxford’s entries, in the semantic field of Kingship, were mostly created in 1996–99 by Alison Salvesen, and partially revised in the last two years. The entries here cover “king”, “queen”, “queen mother/Great Lady”, “to reign”, “to anoint”, “anointed one”, and “leader”.

  • mashach
  • mashiach
  • nagid
  • revised gevirah
  • revised malak
  • revised malkah
  • revised melek

Lexemes indicative of prophetic figures have been studied by Dr Jonathan Stökl and were added in 2012:

  • hoze
  • nabi
  • revised melek

Alison Salvesen has also published the following related research:

  • Entries on "footstool", "throne", "consecration", "crown", "diadem", "staff, sceptre" in Semantics of Ancient Hebrew = Abr-Nahrain Supplement Series 6, ed. T. Muraoka (Louvain 1998) 38-73, 89-100, 106-13, 122-36.
  • "The Trappings of Royalty in Ancient Hebrew," in King and Messiah in Ancient Israel: Papers from the Oxford Old Testament Seminar, ed. J. Day (Sheffield 1998) 119-141.
  • "Keter - Something to do with a Camel?" Journal of Semitic Studies 44 (1999) 35-46.
  • Article "Royal Family" in The Dictionary of the Old Testament: Historical Books, eds. Bill T. Arnold and H.G.M. Williamson (Issaquah, WA 2005), 845–50 .