Semantics of Ancient Hebrew Database

The Semantics of Ancient Hebrew Database (SAHD) is an international, cooperative research project involving a growing number of centres with coordination provided by Leiden.

The currently participating centres include the following universities: Azusa Pacific, Bonn, Cambridge, Edinburgh, Florence, Harvard, Oxford, Leiden, Leuven, Paris, Rome, and Sydney. For more information, see http://www.sahd.div.ed.ac.uk/. Oxford’s entries, in the semantic field of Kingship, were mostly created in 1996–99 by Alison Salvesen, and partially revised in the last two years. The entries here cover “king”, “queen”, “queen mother/Great Lady”, “to reign”, “to anoint”, “anointed one”, and “leader”.

  • mashach
  • mashiach
  • nagid
  • revised gevirah
  • revised malak
  • revised malkah
  • revised melek

Lexemes indicative of prophetic figures have been studied by Dr Jonathan Stökl and were added in 2012:

  • hoze
  • nabi
  • revised melek

Alison Salvesen has also published the following related research:

  • Entries on "footstool", "throne", "consecration", "crown", "diadem", "staff, sceptre" in Semantics of Ancient Hebrew = Abr-Nahrain Supplement Series 6, ed. T. Muraoka (Louvain 1998) 38-73, 89-100, 106-13, 122-36.
  • "The Trappings of Royalty in Ancient Hebrew," in King and Messiah in Ancient Israel: Papers from the Oxford Old Testament Seminar, ed. J. Day (Sheffield 1998) 119-141.
  • "Keter - Something to do with a Camel?" Journal of Semitic Studies 44 (1999) 35-46.
  • Article "Royal Family" in The Dictionary of the Old Testament: Historical Books, eds. Bill T. Arnold and H.G.M. Williamson (Issaquah, WA 2005), 845–50 .