Mahmoud K. Hawari

Position: Research Associate

Faculty / College Address:

The Khalili Research Centre
3 St John Street

Tel. 01865 278196


Main Areas of Research Interests:

My primary research interests and specialist expertise are concerned with Islamic archaeology, art and architecture of the pre-modern Islamic Middle East, with a specialist focus on archaeology. I am principally interested in Islamic religious, civil and military architecture of the Levant within their urban and rural environment, with a focus on the Ayyubid, Mamluk and Ottoman periods. I am also interested in the transition from late Antique to Early Islamic material culture, with a specific attention to the phenomenon of the Umayyad 'desert palace' (qusur) in the Levant.

Current Research Projects:

  • 'Khirbat al-Mafjar Archaeological Project, Jericho, Palestine': landscape archaeological survey and excavations in the hinterland of Khirbat al-Mafjar; it aims to achieve a better understanding of the Umayyad palatial complex (Hisham's Palace) at Khirbat al-Mafjar within the context of its cultural landscape, and the phenomenon of the Early Islamic 'desert palaces' (qusur) as a whole known elsewhere in the Levant - see and
  • 'The Citadel of Jerusalem: an Archaeological and Architectural Study' project: aims to provide a full scale analysis and interpretation of the Citadel's architectural development spanning more than 2000 years

Selected Forthcoming and Recent Publications:


The Citadel of Jerusalem: A Comprehensive Archaeological and Architectural Study, Monograph of the British Academy by Oxford University Press (in preparation)

Ayyubid Jerusalem (1187-1250): an Architectural and Archaeological Study, (BAR International Series 1628, Archaeopress), Oxford, 2007 (ISBN 978-1407300429).

Pilgrimage, Sciences and Sufism, Islamic Art in the West Bank and Gaza, (Palestinian Authority and Museum With No Frontiers, Electa, al-Faris), Vienna and Amman 2004 (co-author, co-editor). ISBN 1-874044-42-2

Chapters and Articles

'Archaeological Landscape Survey and Excavations at Khirbat al-Mafjar, Preliminary Report, Seasons 2011-2013' (forthcoming)

'Three Islamic Coins', in Susan. Cohen (ed.) The Excavations at Tel Zahara, BAR Archaeopress, Oxford, 2013 (forthcoming)

'The Saljuq Connection – the First Citadel of Jerusalem: Who Built and When?', Levant (forthcoming)

'Ceramic Oil Lamps', in William Aylward(ed.) Excavations at Zeugma, Conducted by Oxford Archaeology. The Packard Humanities Institute, Los Altos, California 2013, Chapter Five, pp. 176-201, Pls. 75-109.

'Four pieces of Islamic marbles', in: Alain. Chambon (ed.) Gaza From Sand and Sea: Vol. 1, Art and History in the Jawdat al-Khoudary Collection, Gaza, 2012, pp. 160-161, 182-183, 194-195

'The Ayyubid Period (1187 – 1250): New Architectural and Archaeological Discoveries', in ed. Gideon. Avni and Katharina Galor (eds.), Unearthing Jerusalem: 150 Years of Archaeological Research in the Holy City, Eisenbrauns, 2011, pp. 453 – 473.

'Landscape Archaeological Survey at Khirbat al-Mafjar – 2009 and 2010', Bulletin of the Council for British Research in the Levant, vol. 5, 2010, pp. 22 – 34

The Citadel of Jerusalem: A Case Study in the Cultural Appropriation of Archaeology in Palestine, Present Pasts, vol. 2, No. 1, 2010, pp. 88 – 94

'Ayyubid Monuments', in Robert Hillenbrand and Silvia Auld (eds.), Ayyubid Jerusalem, The Holy City in Context 1187-1250, al-Tajir World of Islam, London, 2009, Chapter 12, pp. 216-275

'The Excavation of a Post-Medieval Mill Race at Greenham Mill, Newbury, Berkshire', The Berkshire Archaeological Journal, Vol. 77 (2004-2008), pp. 47-54

Bayt al-Hawwari, a hawsh House in Sabastiya, Levant 37 (2005), pp. 57-80 (co-author)

Bait 'Ur al-Fauqa: A Medieval and Ottoman Village on the Ancient Road between Jerusalem and the Coastal Plain, Levant 36 (2004), pp. 251-270

Khan al-Lubban, a Caravansarai on the Damascus-Jerusalem Road, Levant 33, (2001), pp. 7-20

'The Citadel (Qal'a) in the Ottoman Period: An Overview', in Robert Hillenbrand and Silvia Auld (eds.), Ottoman Jerusalem, the Living City 1517-1917, al-Tajir World of Islam Trust, London, 2000, Chapter 32, pp. 493 – 518.

Qal'at al-Burak: A Fort of the Ottoman Period South of Bethlehem, Levant 32 (2000), pp. 101-119 (co-author)

Translated Books and Catalogues (English to Arabic):

The Timeline History of Islamic Art and Architecture, by Nasser D. Khalili, London, 2007

Silk, 13th to 18th Centuries, Treasures from the Museum of Islamic Art, Qatar, by J. Thompson, London 2004

Ivory, 8th to 17th Centuries, Treasures from the Museum of Islamic Art, Qatar, by M. Rosser-Owen, London 2004

Photograph of Mahmoud Hawari