Jordan Miller


The Queen's College


DPhil Oriental Studies (Egyptology)


Ontology and iconography in Egyptian religious compositions: composite figures in the Amduat, Book of Two Ways, and apotropaic wands c. 2000–1400 BCE


jsm86 [at]

Educational Background:

After a first degree in Egyptology and Assyriology at Oxford (BA, 2017), I developed a specialization in approaches to Egyptian and Western visual cultures (MSt, 2018) and began integrating Egyptian material with work in social anthropology (DPhil, 2022). I am now a Research Associate in the Faculty of Classics, University of Cambridge (2023–2027), where I am developing a comparative study of Egyptian and Maya hieroglyphic writing systems.

Research Interests:

  • Image and body concepts
  • Materiality, multimodality, sensory experience
  • Ancient Egyptian religion, mainly second millennium BCE

I focus on how ancient Egyptians conceptualized what we call 'images', drawing on wider research into how beings in the world are identified, classified, and interrelated in various cultures. I combine approaches from social anthropology, art history, and sensory archaeology with analysis of ancient sources.

I presented aspects of this work in my doctoral thesis (supervised by John Baines and Elizabeth Frood, completed 2022). This employed 'composite' figures, which conjoin elements of human and animal bodies or parts of inanimate objects, as case studies.

Another strand of my research deals with the social dimensions of religious knowledge, particularly the transmission of visual imagery. I concentrate on issues of format, materiality, and display.


Lectures, classes, and tutorials for the Faculty:

  • Egyptian History and Civilization to 30 BCE
  • Egyptian Art and Architecture
  • Middle Egyptian
  • Late Egyptian
  • Akkadian

Custom tutorial series for visiting undergraduates:

  • Egyptian Archaeology
  • Gender and Sexuality in Ancient Egypt
  • Topics in New Kingdom Studies

I have also contributed to teaching across the wider University in the following roles:

Other Activities:

Articles and Chapters:

forthcoming. Geographies of knowledge: on serpent limbs and loose ends. In: E. Panaite (ed.), Meeting the other: transfers and interactions around the Nile valley. Polish Publications in Mediterranean Archaeology. Leuven: Peeters. [c. 6,100 words]

forthcoming. Graphic worlds in the Book of Two Ways. In: S. Quirke, R. Lucarelli, and H. Rashwan (eds), Rethinking the visual aesthetics of ancient Egyptian writing. Oxford: Archaeopress. [c. 8,000 words]

2023. A predynastic Egyptian fish–antelope composite figure. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology OnlineFirst. DOI: 10.1177/03075133231172791

2022. Patterns and practices of sign-form variation: selected examples of the qjs logogram from the Fifth to Nineteenth Dynasties. Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde 149 (2): 213–227. DOI: 10.1515/zaes-2021-0001

2021. Emblematic representation on ancient Egyptian apotropaic wands. Archaeological Review from Cambridge 36 (2): 119–141. DOI: 10.17863/CAM.86209

2019. Tracking serpopards from Hierakonpolis onward. Nekhen News 31: 24–25.

Edited Volume:

in prep. Ballesteros, B., D. Giordani, J. Miller, J. Parkhouse, and F. Pischedda (eds). Writing Orality: proceedings of the Early Text Cultures seminar, Hilary Term 2021. [Themed volume of Manuscript and Text Cultures. Open-access publication expected 2023.]

Other Publications:

2021. Talking Emotions: humanizing our images of ancient Egypt. Blog post, The Oxford Research Centre for the Humanities. <>

2021. The ancient Egyptian Book of Two Ways. Database of Religious History, Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia. <>

2021. The ancient Egyptian Amduat: tomb of Thutmose III. Database of Religious History, Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia. <>

2019 (with A.-K. Gill). Catalogue of the Queen's College collection on display in the Peet Library <>

2019 (co-curated with R.B. Parkinson). Ancient Egyptian at Queen's <>

Talks and Media:

2023 (upcoming). 'Creating and experiencing the Amduat catalogue'. Looking Beyond the Text: Scribal Practices in Ancient Egypt (Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz).

2023 (upcoming). 'Experiencing and embodying Egyptian and Maya hieroglyphic writing' (poster). International Congress of Egyptologists XIII (International Association of Egyptologists and Leiden University).

2023 (upcoming). 'Bodies of ink and images of flesh: an interdisciplinary approach to ancient Egyptian ontology'. Current Research in Egyptology 2023 (University of Basel).

2023 (upcoming). 'Under the bed and among the dead: monsters in ancient Egypt'. Invited lecture, Reading Museum.

2022. 'Ontology and experiences of ancient Egyptian religious images'. Invited lecture, The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

2022. 'Egyptian image–body concepts across comparatist discourses'. Egyptology in Dialogue: Historical Bodies in Relations of Comparisons and Negotiations (Emory University).

2022. 'Compiling Egyptian underworlds: modelling sources and ritual practice for the Amduat catalogue of king Thutmose III' (poster). Making Lists in the Ancient World: Memory, Status, Identity (University of Tartu).

2022. 'Understanding composite forms of Egyptian divine beings'. Invited lecture, Essex Egyptology Group and Thames Valley Ancient Egypt Society.

2021. 'Graphic syntax and ontology in the Book of Two Ways'. Rethinking the Visual Aesthetics of Ancient Egyptian Writing (UCL Institute of Archaeology and University of California, Berkeley).

2021. 'Swimming in the sand: Anticipation by a Nubian grave'. Podcast for the series Talking Emotions (University of Oxford) <>

2021. 'Red images in the Amduat of Thutmose III'. Current Research in Egyptology XXI (University of the Aegean).

2021. 'Geographies of knowledge: on the transmission and reception of a serpent-limbed figure'. Meeting the Other: Transfers and cultural interactions around the Nile valley (Polish Centre for Mediterranean Archaeology and Institut français d'archéologie orientale).

2021. 'Ancient Egyptian cosmogonies: Pyramid Texts'. Cosmogonies in Early Text Cultures (University of Oxford).

2021. 'Inscribing ancient Egyptian underworlds'. Invited lecture for Oxford Archaeological Society (University of Oxford).

2020. 'Red images in the Amduat of Thutmose III'. Invited lecture for Centre for Manuscript and Text Cultures (University of Oxford).

2019. 'Composite figures in Egyptian art: modelling relationships between selected religious compositions'. Archaeology, Classics and Egyptology Work-in-Progress Seminar (University of Liverpool).

2019. 'Composite snakes in second millennium iconographies: Amduat, apotropaic wands, and the Book of Two Ways'. Egypt's heartland: Regional perspectives on Hierakonpolis, Elkab and Edfu (Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford).

2018. 'Fantastic beasts and how to view them: from concept to representation in ancient Egyptian art'. Harris Manchester–Homerton Graduate Research Day (University of Cambridge).

2017. 'Intertwined, intermezzo: the serpopard in context'. Egyptology Graduate Conference (Brown University).

Jordan Miller